Types of Breast Cancer- How to Reduce Your Risk

Types of Breast Cancer- How to Reduce Your Risk



Cancer that develops in the breast cells is known as breast cancer. It can form in either the ducts or lobules of the breast. Sometimes cancerous cells can also develop in the fatty tissues within your breast.

Types of Breast Cancer

Breast cancers are divided into two main categories: invasive and noninvasive. Invasive breast cancer spreads from the breast glands or ducts to other parts of the breast and nearby organs, whereas noninvasive breast cancer is confined to the tissue it originated.

Most Common Types of Breast Cancers

Some of the most common types of breast cancers are:

Breast Lymph Nodes

  • Invasive ductal carcinoma

    This is one of the types of breast cancer many people are familiar with. It often originates in the milk ducts in the breast and then eventually spreads to its nearby tissues.

  • Ductal carcinoma in situ

    This is a noninvasive type of breast cancer where the cancer cells are confined to the breast ducts without invading the surrounding breast tissues.

  • Invasive lobular carcinoma

    This cancer originates in your breast lobules and later spreads to nearby tissues.

  • Lobular carcinoma in situ

    This cancer grows in the milk-producing glands of the breast and is noninvasive.

Less Common Types of Breast Cancers

These types of breast cancers are less common:

  • Paget disease of the nipple

    This type of breast cancer originates in the ducts of your nipple and slowly spreads to the areola and skin of the nipple.

  • Phyllodes tumor

    This is a rare type of breast cancer usually found in the connective tissue of the breast. Generally, these tumors are benign, although some can be cancerous.

  • Angiosarcoma

    This form of breast cancer develops in the lymph vessels or blood vessels of the breast.

  • Inflammatory breast cancer

    This is an aggressive form of breast cancer that can spread very quickly. In this condition, cancerous cells block the breast’s lymph nodes and prevent their proper drainage, causing your breast to look red and swollen.

  • Triple-negative breast cancer

    This is another aggressive type of breast cancer in which the cancerous tumor lacks estrogen and progesterone receptors and doesn’t have additional HER2 proteins on its surface. This type of breast cancer is aggressive because it spreads and grows faster than other types of breast cancer.

  • Metastatic breast cancer

    Metastatic breast cancer is an alternative name for stage 4 breast cancer. At this stage, the cancer advances to other areas and organs of your body, like bones, lungs, or liver.

  • Male breast cancer

    Despite being more common in females, males can also suffer from breast cancer in rare cases because men also have breast tissue like women.

How to Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer

Studies have shown that lifestyle changes play a significant role in reducing the risk of breast cancer. Here are some tips to lower your risk:

how to reduce the risk of breast cancer

  • Limit alcohol

    Researches prove that alcohol can increase your risk of breast cancer. Therefore, a significant lifestyle change that you can adopt to safeguard yourself from breast cancer is to limit your alcohol intake, preferably to less than one drink a day.

  • Quit Smoking

    Medical evidence suggests possible links between breast cancer and smoking, especially in premenopausal women. Quit smoking to lower your breast cancer risk.

  • Maintain a healthy weight

    Obesity can increase your risk of breast cancer, especially after menopause.

  • Exercise

    Any physical activity that helps you maintain a healthy weight will minimize your breast cancer risk.

  • Breast-feed

    Studies have shown that women who breastfeed their babies for a longer time are less likely to develop breast cancer.

  • Use hormone therapy with caution

    Studies show that taking hormone therapy for over 3 to 5 years increases breast cancer risk. You can either limit or reduce the dosage and duration of the treatment. Consult with your doctor about the best options for your health.

  • Minimize radiation exposure

    Medical imaging techniques, such as CT scans, use doses of radiation. As studies show a link between continuous exposure to radiation and breast cancer, you should reduce your radiation exposure whenever possible.

Our team of breast cancer experts at Chesapeake Oncology-Hematology Associates (COHA) consists of skilled physicians like Dr. Nimmagadda, Dr. Vyfhuis, Dr. Markan, and Dr. De Luca. we provide breast cancer treatment options that include chemotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, and iron infusions. We offer a comfortable environment for our patients to ensure safe treatment. If you are looking for high-quality breast cancer treatment, contact us today to schedule your appointment.

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COHA is a leading group of oncologists that offer oncology services within Anne Arundel County, Howard County, and Queen Anne’s County, Maryland. We remain committed to bringing the best oncology and hematology services to the residents of this area. Our knowledge, skills, and experience will guide you toward the best treatment options for your health and lifestyle. We offer today’s most effective therapies, expertly and compassionately delivered in our infusion and medical centers.

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